Archive | Diabetic Emergencies

Diabetic Emergencies | DKA | Hyperglycemia

Diabetic Ketoacidosis – DKA: diabetic person has inadequate insulin circulating to control blood sugar levels. Also there’s excess epinephrine and glucagons present. Blood sugar level rises, fatty tissue breaks down forming ketones and ketoacids >>> changes blood acid/base balance >>>frequent urination >>>dehydration >>>loss of body chemicals (potassium) >>> chain of events leads downhill. Takes longer/more […]

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Diabetic Emergencies | Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia: occurs as a result of an imbalance in the amounts of insulin and glucose. Most commonly caused by a patient taking insulin and then not eating enough food. Causes include: Medications Excessive exercise Alcohol Poor diet Hypothermia Liver disease Assessment: hypoglycemia develops rapidly, over a few minutes to a few hours. Counter Regulatory hormones […]

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Diabetic Emergencies | Overview

Diabetic Emergencies Diabetes: a chronic disease of the endocrine system caused by a decrease in the secretion or activity of insulin. Diabetics don’t make enough insulin to regulate the blood sugar level – it goes too high or too low. When it is too low, the cells start to starve. Counter Regulatory Hormones: glucagons and […]

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