Archive | Abdominal Emergencies

Abdominal Emergencies | GI Bleeding

Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding: rapidly result in hypovolemic shock. Evaluate: Is the airway open, obstruction due to vomiting blood is common Is the patient in shock Is active bleeding present Upper GI is bleeding above the duodenum – top of small intestine Lower GI is usually lesion in tract below the duodenum Management: Maintain the airway […]

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Abdominal Emergencies | Causes & Management

Common causes of acute abdomen: Bacterial contamination: infection in the bowel or peritonitis Chemical irritation: leakage of blood or bile into wrong space Peritoneal inflammation: bacterial, chemical or trauma Bleeding: solid organ laceration. Abdominal cavity can hold 1500mL of blood before distention Obstruction Four life-threatening acute abdomens : AMI Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Ruptured ectopic […]

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